According to Dr. Navin MA, Consultant Neurosurgeon (minimally invasive spine surgery), BGS Gleneagles World Hospital, “The skull does not have excess space for anything other than the brain. So, when brain tumors develop and expand, they cause additional pressure in the brain. This closed space. This is called intracranial pressure. Increased intracranial pressure is caused by excess tissue in the brain as well as blockage of the cerebrospinal fluid flow pathways.”
Here are some of the most common symptoms of a brain tumor
Seizures are usually associated with epilepsy but may also be a sign of a brain tumor. In fact, according to doctors, up to 60% of patients with brain tumors suffered from seizures. This is accompanied by nausea and vomiting. If you have it, it is best to have a doctor check it out.
Frequent headache in the morning
Headaches can be the most confusing symptom because they can have multiple causes but if you have frequent headaches that are worse than usual and no treatment seems to relieve the pain, it’s time to see your doctor.
change in vision
A sudden change in your eyesight could also be an indication of a brain tumour. If you suddenly see things that are not clear or have peripheral vision problems that allow you to see things around you without turning your head, you should probably see a doctor.
Occasional brain fog can be normal as you tend to feel lost or lost in track of what you were doing. But if you have sudden difficulty reading or writing or your speech becomes slurred, it could be a symptom of a brain tumor.
Staying unfocused or suddenly becoming aggressive are rare signs of a brain tumor. You may feel fuzzy or have sudden personality changes.
brain tumor in children
Dr. Navin adds, “Brain tumors are the most common solid tumor affecting children and adolescents, with approximately 3 children diagnosed each year. Because of their location, some pediatric brain tumors and the treatments required can cause significant long-term impairment of mental and neurological function.” .
Astrocytoma is the most common type of glioma, and accounts for about half of all childhood brain tumors. They are most common in children between the ages of 5 and 8 years old. The grade of the astrocytoma is important. Treatment for a child depends on whether the tumor is growing slowly (low grade, grade 1 or 2) or rapidly growing (high grade, grade 3 or 4). Most astrocytomas in children (80 percent) are low-grade. Sometimes it begins in the spine or spreads there. Treating brainstem gliomas can be very difficult. Most of these tumors are located in the middle of the brainstem and cannot be removed surgically. Few brainstem tumors are in a better location and can be treated with surgery. It is often treated with non-surgical methods. Choroid plexus tumors are found in the choroid plexus — the part of the brain within the spaces in the brain, called the ventricles, which makes cerebrospinal fluid, which surrounds and inhabits the brain and spinal cord, he adds.
Doctors don’t yet know why some children develop a brain tumor. Rarely, it may be the result of radiation exposure, or a family history of cancer. Here are some frequently asked questions
- What are the most common tumors in children?
Medulloblastomas are malignant brain tumors that account for about 15 percent of brain tumors in children. Medulloblastoma forms in the cerebellum and occurs primarily in children between the ages of 4 and 9 years, and affects boys more frequently than girls. A medulloblastoma can spread (metastasize) along the spinal cord. It usually requires surgery in addition to other treatments. Optic nerve gliomas: These tumors are found in or around the optic nerves – those that send messages from the eye to the brain. They can cause vision loss and hormonal problems due to their frequent location near the base of the brain. It is usually difficult to treat due to the delicate surrounding brain structures. Craniopharyngiomas are benign tumors that occur near the pituitary gland
- What are the symptoms of brain tumor in children?
If your child has a morning headache along with nausea and vomiting, this is a red flag. This is partly because pressure in the brain increases when you’re lying down, and a tumor can make it worse. Another sign is when a child is acting lethargic or extra sleepy, for no apparent reason, call your doctor for guidance on whether further evaluation may be necessary. Depending on where the brain tumor is located, it can affect vision, hearing, and speech. Of course, many children face challenges in these areas that have nothing to do with a brain tumor. However, sudden changes in how your child sees, hears or talks should be evaluated by a medical professional. If your child’s mood swings or personality changes seem sudden or severe, tell your child’s pediatrician. An enlarged brain (enlargement of the head) in infants whose skull bones have not fully fused is another symptom. If you notice a side bulge or other severe changes in the shape of your baby’s head, your doctor can help you determine if it requires further evaluation. Brain tissue dysfunction caused by a growing tumor may cause other symptoms, depending on where the tumor is. For example, if there is a brain tumor in the cerebellum at the back of the head, the child may have difficulty with movement, walking, balance and coordination. If the tumor affects the visual pathway responsible for sight, the child may experience changes in vision.